新东方网>英语>英语学习>英语阅读>双语新闻>身体奥秘>正文

脸上爱长痘?马上要有新的疗法了

2019-01-21 09:27

来源:沪江

作者:

  Now we finally have new hope, in the shape of the first-ever genetic study on acne. The researchers uncovered more gene markers for this condition than ever before, opening the door for potential new treatments.

  现在,由于一项关于痘痘的新研究,我们终于看到希望了。研究者们现在发现了更多有关这个问题的基因点位,因此有可能研发出新的治疗方式。

  It turns out that the genetics of hair follicles in particular could be leading to breakouts in some.

  他们发现,对于一些人来讲,可能是有关毛孔的基因在引发痘痘问题。

  The genome-wide association study yielded a real bounty - the researchers pinpointed 15 regions of the genome that were linked to severe acne, 12 of which had never been implicated before.

  这项覆盖人类全基因组的研究收获颇丰,研究人员确定了15个与严重痘痘问题有关的基因位点,其中有12个是以前从未发现的。

  And, strangely enough, many of these regions were also associated with the human hair follicle.

  而且,神奇的是,这些区域中的很多都和人类的毛孔有关。

  "It was surprising that so many of the variants appear to influence the structure and function of the hair follicle," says the study's senior author Michael Simpson, a researcher in genomic information at King's College London.

  研究的高级作者,伦敦国王大学的遗传信息研究员Michael Simpson说:“令人吃惊的是,这些基因型当中的很多似乎都会影响毛孔的形状和功能,”

  "It may be that the genetic variation influences the shape of these hair follicles and makes them more prone to bacteria and inflammation, which are a characteristic of acne."

  “可能是这些基因变体影响了毛孔的形状,让它们更容易滋生细菌、更容易发炎,这些都是致痘原因。”

  In other words, the authors think that there may be some follicle shapes out there that trap bacteria and oils more easily, causing breakouts to occur more often and with greater severity.

  换句话说,研究的作者们认为有些毛孔形状可能更容易贮存细菌与油脂,进而让长痘变得更频繁、更严重。

  "A number of the genetic variants point to interesting mechanisms that could be really good targets for new drugs or treatments that would really help patients," adds Simpson.

  Simpson还补充到:“这些基因变体中的一些显露出了很有趣的机制,我们可以把它们作为目标来研究新的药物和疗法,从而为病人们提供切实有效的帮助”

  Today, one of the best treatments available for severe acne is isotretinoin (often known under the brand name Accutane), which works by reducing the amount of oil our skin produces.

  如今,治疗严重痘症的最有效疗法是异维甲酸(通常直接用品牌名Accutane指代),它的作用机制是减少我们皮肤分泌的油脂。

  But while this drug can be helpful to some, it doesn't work on every type of acne, and can come with some gnarly side effects, such as fatigue, dizziness, dry and scaly skin, joint pain, and even birth defects.

  但是,虽然这个疗法对一部分人来讲有效,但并不是对所有类型的痘痘都奏效,而且还可能带来一些副作用,比如疼痛、晕眩、皮肤干燥龟裂、关节痛甚至新生儿缺陷。

  今日词汇

  prone /prəun/

  adj. 易受影响的

  这个词表示“有……的倾向”、“易受……的影响”,与to 连用。

  She is still prone to camera nerves.

  她在镜头前依然很容易紧张。

  Working without a break makes you more prone to error.

  连续不断地工作让你更容易犯错。

  另外它也表示“俯卧的”这个动作。

  The victim lay prone without moving.

  受害人趴在地上一动不动。

官方微信:新东方英语 (微信号:xdfyyw

听说读写译学习方法、英美剧最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

猜你喜欢

  • 听力
  • 口语
  • 阅读
  • 娱乐
  • 词汇
  • 写作

            新东方英语辅导专区

            班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

            焦点推荐

            精品直播

            版权及免责声明

            凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

            本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

            如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

            热搜关键词