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初二英语期末阅读理解专项练习12篇(附答案)

2019-12-27 13:38

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  A

  A young man asked Albert Einstein , the great German scientist , what the secret of success is. The scientist told him that the secret of success is hard work. A few days later the young man asked the same question again . Einstein was very annoyed. He did not say anything ,but wrote a few words on a piece of paper . On it was written: A=X+Y+Z.

  “What does this mean ?” asked the young man .

  “A means “ success”” explained the old scientist . “X stands for hard work ,Y for good method (方法) and Z Z means stop talking and get down to work.”

  1.The young man _________.

  A. wanted to meet Einstein

  B. wanted to be a great scientist like Einstein

  C. was eager (渴望) to know the secret of success

  D. wanted to be a student of Einstein

  2.In Einstein’s opinion the secret of success was ________.

  A. to work with great energy (精力,活力)

  B. to study hard day and night

  C. to learn from great scientists

  D. to raise (提出) questions as many as you could

  3.“Y” stands for _______.

  A. hard work

  B. great energy

  C. great success

  D. good manner(方法)

  4.The word “annoyed” means ________.

  A. angry

  B. sad

  C. lovely

  D. glad

  5.Einstein was a man who ______

  A. liked to talk with young people

  B. liked to help others

  C. liked to make friends with young people

  D. liked to work , but didn’t like to talk

  B

  British newspapers are much smaller than they used to be and their readers are often in a hurry ,so newspapermen write as few words as possible .They tell their readers at once what happened ,where ,when and how it happened and what was the result : how many people were killed ,what change was done and so on .Readers want the fact(事实) set out as fully and accurately as possible .Readers are also interested in the people who have seen the accident. So a newspaperman always likes to get some information (信息)from someone who was there, which can be given in the person’s own words .Because he can use only a few words ,the newspaperman must choose those words carefully ,every one must be effective(有效). Instead of “he called out in a loud voice”, he writes” he shouted”; instead of “the loose stones rolled noisily down the side of the mountain”, he will write” they thundered down the mountainside”. Because many of the readers aren’t very clever, and most of them are in a hurry.

  1.From the text, we learn that newspapermen write as few words as possible ,because readers___.

  A. want to know more about the news

  B. take no interest in what has happened

  C. have no time to read the news carefully

  D. pay much attention to the result

  2.The underlined word”one” in the text refers to ______.

  A.word

  B.newspaperman

  C.reader

  D.person

  3.Which of the following would best complete the text ?

  A. he will keep his writing short

  B. he won’t care about his writing

  C. he will give nothing but information

  D. he won’t make his writing good enough.

  4.In what way do you think British newspapers have become smaller?

  A. In a page size.

  B. In number of readers.

  C. In number of pages.

  D. In number of copies

  5.Which of the following is true?

  A. Readers are not satisfied with the short news.

  B. Not many people have time to read the long articles in newspapers.

  C. Readers find the language of the newspapers exciting.

  D. Newspapermen try to report as fully as possible.

  C

  The story happened during the Second World War(战争).An old man lived in a small town of Germany. He had three sons and they all worked in the same factory where he had worked. After the war had begun , his sons were all made to join the army one after another and they all died in the frights . The old man was very sad . he didn’t have enough food and was often hungry . And nobody helped him and he didn’t know how to go in living .

  It was a very cold winter night . The old man couldn’t go to sleep . He had been hungry for two days and it was so cold in his room that ice could be seen . He had to get up and begun to run in the room until he lay down on the ground. The next morning he had to beg from door to door. He had been to a lot of cities and knew a lot.

  Once he came to a village , but the villages were all poor and couldn’t give him anything . He was too hungry to go to another village . He thought hard and found a way . He came to a police station and called out , “Hitler is a foolish pig (希特勒是蠢猪)!"

  Out came an old policeman at once . He took the old man into a room , gave him some bread and a cup of tea . Then he said , “Don’t say in our village , sir !”

  “I’m sorry, sir.” Said the old man . “I don’t know it’s Hitler’s hometown .”

  “No, no , sir.” The policeman said in a hurry. “It’s pig’s hometown !”

  1.The old man was ___________.

  A. a German

  B. a French

  C. an Australian

  D. an Englishman

  2.The old man was sad because ________.

  A. his three sons all died during the war

  B. His three sons had to join the army

  C. He had no food or clothes

  D. He lived in the small town alone

  3.The old man got up and ran in his room to ________.

  A. keep healthy

  B. Forget he was sad and hungry

  C. Make him warm

  D. Find a way to forget he was hungry

  4.The old man shouted outside the police station because______

  A. he hated Hitler very much

  B. he hoped the policeman could help him

  C. he wanted to make the policemen angry

  D. he thought the he would be given some food in prison (监狱)

  5.Which statement is true?

  A. The old policeman hated Hitler , too

  B. The old policeman found that the old man his best friend

  C. The old policeman would send the old man in prison

  D. The old policeman liked Hitler better than pigs

  D

  Miss Gorgers taught physices in a New York school. Last month she explained to one of her classes about sound, and she decided to test them to see how successful she had been in her explanation. She said to them, “Now I have a brother in Los Angeles. If I was calling him on the phone and at the same time you were 75 feet away, listening to me from across the street, which of you would hear what I said earlier, my brother or you and for what reason?”

  Tom at once answered, “Your brother. Because electricity travels faster than sound waves.” “That’s very good,” Miss Gorgers answered; but then one of the girls raised her hand, and Miss Gorgers said, “Yes, Kate?”

  “I disagree,” Kate said. “Your brother would hear you earlier because when it’s 11 o’clock here it’s only 8 o’clock in Los Angeles.”

  1.Miss Gorgers was teaching her class .

  A. how to telephone

  B. about electricity

  C. about time zone(时区)

  D. about sound

  2.Miss Gorgers asked this question because she wanted to know whether .

  A. it was easy to phone to Los Angeles

  B. her student could hear her from 75 feet away

  C. her students had grasped(理解)her lesson

  D. sound waves were slower than electricity

  3.Tom thought that electricity was .

  A. slower than sound waves

  B. faster than sound waves

  C. not so fast as sound waves

  D. as fast as sound waves

  4.Kate thought Tom was wrong because .

  A. clocks in Los Angeles showed a different time from those in New York

  B. electricity was slower than sound waves

  C. Tom was not good at physics at all

  D. Tom’s answer had nothing to do with sound waves

  5.Whose answer do you think is correct acoording to the law of physics?

  A. Tom’s

  B. Kate’s

  C. Both A and B

  D. Neither A nor B

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