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英文每个月份的来历:终于知道为啥都在六月扎堆结婚了!

2019-07-25 14:12

来源:Dictionary.com

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  Perhaps the Anglo-Saxons—who spoke that linguistic ancestor of English known as Old English—were onto something when they collectively called June and July Liða. That’s pronounced like [lee–thuh], with the character ð having the voiced th-, like this. Liða itself may mean “calm” or “mild.” On its own, June was sometimes also referred to as Ærra-Liða, which is like “ere/first Liða,” and July Æftera-Liða, or “after/second Liða.”

  也许只有古英语时期的人——英语的祖先盎格鲁-撒克逊人才知道他们将六月和七月统称为“Liða”时,他们在想什么。这个词的发音类似[lee-thuh],字符“ð”是“this”中“th”音的浊化。“Liða”本身意为“平静”或“温和”。在此基础上,六月(June)有时也被称为“Ærra-Liða”,相当于“前/第一个Liða(ere /first Liða)”,而七月(July)则被称为“Æftera-Liða”,意为“后/第二个Liða(after/second Liða)。”

  So, how did the six month of the year go from Liða to June?

  那么,这一年中的第六个月是何以从“Liða”变为“June”的呢?

  Where did June come from?

  六月从何而来?

  June ultimately comes from the the Latin Iunius, “of Juno (Iuno),” referring to the Roman goddess. The J sound for the I in Latin’s Iuno emerges in French, and its spelling with the letter J doesn’t settle in English until the late 1600s.

  六月“June”一词说到底是来自拉丁词语“Iunius”,取自罗马女神“朱诺(Iuno)”之名。拉丁词语“Iuno”中“I”发“J”音源于法国,并于17世纪后期改用字母“J”来拼写该词。

  The name Iuno itself appears to come from the Latin iuventas, “youth,” which is related to words like juvenile and rejuvenate. In ancient Rome, Iunius was the fourth month of the year in a ten-month calendar.

  而“luno”这个名字又源于拉丁词语“iuventas”,意为“年轻”,和“少年的(juvenile)”、“返老还童(rejuvenate)”这些词相关。古罗马时,“六月 (Iunius)”是十月年历的第四个月。

  While Iunius was sometimes used alongside Ærra-Liða in Old English and Middle English, June takes over, along with the other ancient Roman names for the months of the year, with the spread of Christianity in England in the the Middle Ages.

  虽然古英语和中古英语时期会同时使用“Iunius”和“Ærra-Liða”来表示六月,但随着其他月份都纷纷改用了罗马名称,同时伴随着中世纪基督教在英国的传播,“June”便接管了六月的大旗。

  Who is Juno?

  “朱诺”是谁?

  So, who is Juno, you ask? Identified as a counterpart to the Greek Hera, Juno was an important and powerful ancient Italian deity who became the protector of Rome, wife of Jupiter, queen of gods, and goddess of marriage, childbirth, and fertility.

  那么你可能会问,朱诺是谁?她是古代意大利一位重要且有权势的神祇,相当于希腊神话中的女神赫拉。之后则变身为罗马的保护神,是朱庇特的妻子、众神之王后,掌管婚姻、分娩和生育。

  Summer weddings are pretty popular, and they may have started because of the blessing that this goddess bestowed on those wed in her sacred, namesake month.

  大家都喜欢在夏季举行婚礼,可能是因为这位女神会在自己的月份将神圣的祝福给予这些新人们吧!

  When did June become a name?

  “June”是什么时候成为人的名字的?

  In the United States, the given name June skyrocketed in popularity in the early twentieth century. In 1925, it was the 39th most popular name for a baby girl … a place held by the name Natalie today.

  在二十世纪初的美国,“June”作为新生儿的名字大受欢迎。1925年,“June”是第39个最受欢迎的女宝宝的名字,如今排名39位的则是Natalie。

  While the name fell out of popularity through the rest of the century, it has recently been back in vogue, breaking into the top 300 most popular girls names in 2015. Of course, it remains a popular choice for babies born in the month of June.

  虽然“June”这一名字在该世纪剩下的时间里已不再受到关注,但最近又回归流行,2015年又跻身于300个最受欢迎的女孩名字之列。当然,对于出生在六月的宝宝们来说,June这个名字仍然是一个不错的选择。

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