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英语写作辅导:英语写作的4种基本句式

2019-01-08 11:30

来源:沪江

作者:

  There are four sentence types in English: Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative and Exclamatory.

  英语中有四种基本的句式:陈述句、祈使句、疑问句和感叹句。

  Declarative: Tom'll come to the meeting tomorrow.

  陈述句:(汤姆明天会参加会议。)

  Imperative: Turn to page 232 in your science book.

  祈使句:(请把你的科学课本翻到第232页)

  Interrogative: Where do you live?

  疑问句:(你住在哪里啊?)

  Exclamatory: That's awesome!

  感叹句:(太棒了!)

  1.Declarative

  陈述句

  A declarative sentence "declares" or states a fact, arrangement or opinion. Declarative sentences can be either positive or negative. A declarative sentences ends with a period (.).

  陈述句是对事实、安排或观点进行“声明”或陈述。陈述句可以是肯定句,也可以是否定句。陈述句以句号(.)结尾。

  I'll meet you at the train station.

  (我们在火车站见面吧。)

  The sun rises in the East.

  (太阳从东方升起。)

  He doesn't get up early.

  (他不早起。)

  2.Imperative

  祈使句

  The imperative form instructs (or sometimes requests). The imperative takes no subject as 'you' is the implied subject. The imperative form ends with either a period (.) or an exclamation point (!).

  祈使句是发出命令(有时是要求)的一种句式。祈使句中一般没有主语,you是隐含的主语。祈使句以句号(.)或感叹号(!)结尾。

  Open the door.

  (把门打开。)

  Finish your homework.

  (把你的作业做完。)

  Pick up that mess.

  (把这乱七八糟的收拾一下。)

  3.Interrogative

  疑问句

  The interrogative asks a question. In the interrogative form the auxiliary verb precedes the subject which is then followed by the main verb (i.e., Are you coming ....?). The interrogative form ends with a question mark (?).

  疑问句就是提出问题的句式。疑问句中,助动词位于主语前面,而主语后则跟着主动词(例如:Are you coming..?)。疑问句以问号结尾。

  How long have you lived in France?

  (你在法国住了多久呀?)

  When does the bus leave?

  (公交什么时候开走的?)

  Do you enjoy listening to classical music?

  (你喜欢听古典音乐吗?)

  4.Exclamatory

  感叹句

  The exclamatory form emphasizes a statement (either declarative or imperative) with an exclamation point (!).

  感叹句通过感叹号(!)对一个陈述(陈述句或祈使句中)进行了强调。

  Hurry up!

  (快点!)

  That sounds fantastic!

  (听起来棒极了!)

  I can't believe you said that!

  (我真不敢相信你会那么说!)

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