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美国加州立法禁用“123456”等密码 因太容易被黑客攻击(双语)

2018-10-11 10:15

来源:BBC

作者:

  Default passwords such as "admin" and "password" will be illegal for electronics firms to use in California from 2020.

  自2020年起,电子公司使用诸如“admin”和“password”的默认密码在加州将是非法行为。

  The state has passed a law that sets higher security standards for net-connected devices made or sold in the region.

  加州新建了一条法规以期对当地销售的网络连接产品设立更高的安全标准。

  It demands that each gadget be given a unique password when it is made.

  该法律要求每个设备在其制造时就需设置一个独一无二的密码。

  Before now, easy-to-guess passwords have helped some cyber-attacks spread more quickly and cause more harm.

  此前,容易破密的密码使网络攻击传播加速,伤害程度变大。

  The Information Privacy: Connected Devices bill demands that electronics manufacturers equip their products with "reasonable" security features.

  《信息隐私: 联网设备法律》要求电子设备制造商需给其产品配备“合理的”安全功能。

  This can mean a unique password or a start-up procedure that forces users to generate their own code when using the gadget for the first time.

  这意味着,当用户初次使用设备时,将有独一无二的密码或启动程序使得用户必须制定好自己的密码。

  The bill also allows customers who suffer harm when a company ignores the law to sue for damages.

  当公司违反该新建法律时,受害消费者可以对其进行起诉要求赔偿。

  Writing on tech news site the Register Kieren McCarthy said the law was "a step forward" but also a "massive missed opportunity".

  在科技新闻网站Register Kieren McCarthy上发表的文章称该法律是“向前迈进了一步”,但仍存在“大量造成损失的可能”。

  A bigger problem than poor passwords was the creation of devices that could not be updated, he said.

  易破解密码更大的问题是设备的无法更新。

  California should have added clauses that required manufacturers to take a more rounded approach, he said, to limit how much access malicious hackers can get to all kinds of devices.

  他说,加州应该增加一些条款,要求制造商采取更全面的方式,限制恶意黑客对各种设备的访问。

  Many recent cyber-attacks have taken advantage of the default and easy-to-guess passwords on the devices found in millions of homes and offices.

  许多最近的网络攻击是利用数以百万计的家庭和办公室设备的默认密码和简单易猜的密码达到其目的。

  In late 2016, Twitter, Spotify, and Reddit were among sites taken offline by an attack that took advantage of poor passwords on lots of net-connected gadgets including webcams and other so-called smart home hardware.

  此次攻击就是利用包括webcams和其他被称为智能家电的联网设备上的众多弱密码而发起的。

  An attack by malware known as VPNFilter is currently targeting home routers and is believed to have infected more than 500,000 devices.

  由一种叫VPNFilter的恶意软件发起的攻击,它目前针对家用路由器,据说已经感染了50多万台设备。

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