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零基础学英语:含有up和down的动词短语大全

2017-10-11 14:32

来源:沪江

作者:

  带有up和down的动词短语常用来表示某种品质的增加或减少。每个表示某种特质的用法后面都有意义相近的动词或简短的解释。每个带有up或down的动词短语后面都有两个例句。下面是一个例子:

  Up = Increase in Value

  增值

  Down = Decrease in Value

  贬值

  to put up (S) = to raise

  提高

  The supermarket put coffee prices up in January.

  一月份,超市的咖啡涨价了。

  to bring down (S) = to reduce

  减少

  The recession brought profits down sharply.

  经济萧条使得利润剧减。

  Remember that phrasal verbs can be either separable or inseparable. Each phrasal verb is also marked as separable (S) or inseparable (I). In the case that verbs are separable, examples will use the separable form of the phrasal verb. For inseparable phrasal verbs, examples keep the phrasal verbs together.

  记住,动词短语既可以是可分割(separable)的,又可以是不可分割(inseparable)的。当动词可以分割时,我们引用的就是动词短语分割的例子。对于不可分割的动词短语,我们举出的就是动词短语连用的例子。

  Phrasal Verbs with Up

  含有up的动词短语

  Up = Increase in Value

  增值

  to put up (S) = to raise

  上升(S)

  We'll have to put our prices up to compete.

  我们也会提高价格来参与竞争。

  Have they put the price of corn up recently?

  最近他们的玉米涨价了吗?

  to go up (I) = to increase

  增加(I)

  The price of gas went up in March.

  三月份油价上涨了。

  Our rent went up in January.

  一月份我们的租金上涨了。

  Up = Increase in Size

  尺寸变大

  to bring up (S) = to raise (usually children)

  抚养(通常是小孩)(S)

  They brought their children up to be responsible adults.

  他们将孩子养大成人。

  We're bringing up two children.

  我们会把两个孩子抚养长大。

  to grow up (I) = to become older

  年纪增长(I)

  You've grown up since I last saw you.

  你比我上次见到你时长大了。

  The children grew up so fast.

  孩子们长得真快。

  Up = Increase in Speed

  速度加快

  to speed up (I) = to go faster in a vehicle

  交通工具行驶速度加快(I)

  He quickly sped up to sixty miles an hour.

  他很快将速度加到每小时六十英里。

  His motorcycle can speed up to 100 quickly.

  他的摩托车速度可以很快达到100英里每小时。

  to hurry up (I) = to do something faster, to get ready faster

  做某事速度放快,快点做准备(I)

  Could you please hurry up?!

  你能快点吗?!

  I'll hurry up and finish this report.

  我会加快速度完成这篇报告。

  Up = Increase in Heat

  温度上升

  to heat up (S) = to make hotter

  加热(S)

  I'll heat the soup up for lunch.

  我会把汤热一热作为午餐。

  What should I heat up for dinner?

  晚餐我该热点什么吃呢?

  to warm up (S) = to make hotter

  加热(S)

  I'll warm this soup up for lunch.

  我会把汤热一热当午餐。

  Would you like me to warm your tea up?

  我来帮你把茶热一下吧?

  Up = Increase in Happiness, Excitement

  更加快乐、兴奋

  to cheer up (S) = to make someone happier

  使某人更快乐(S)

  Can you cheer Tim up?

  你能为蒂姆鼓鼓劲吗?

  I think we need to cheer them up with a song or two.

  我觉得,咱们应该用一两首歌为他们加油。

  to liven up (S) = to make something more fun

  使某事更加有趣(S)

  Let's liven this party up with a game.

  我们来玩玩游戏,为聚会更有气氛吧。

  We need to liven this meeting up.

  我们要使会议更有趣味性。

  Up = Increase Sound

  音量加大

  to turn up (S) = to raise the volume

  调大音量(S)

  Please turn the radio up.

  请把收音机音量调大点。

  I like to turn the stereo up when nobody is home.

  家里没人时,我会把音响声音调大。

  to speak up (I) = to speak with a stronger voice

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