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为什么要过儿童节?盘点世界各地儿童节

2017-06-01 11:40

来源:雅虎新闻

作者:

  Every year, Children’s Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm in different countries of the world and at different dates. In fact, there are so many days dedicated to children that at times, it gets confusing when "Children’s Day" is actually held. So we have done a little bit of research and here we bring you the fascinating histories of the most commonly observed "Children’s Day"s across the world.

  每年,世界各国都会在不同的日子里怀着极大的热情来庆祝儿童节。事实上全世界献给儿童的节日非常多,以至于许多人都不知道“儿童节”到底是哪天。因此本文做了一点小研究,为您介绍世界上最常见“儿童节”的迷人历史。

  Universal Children’s Day

  1、全球儿童节。

  Universal Children’s Day is observed every year on the 20th of November. It was in 1954 when, to protect children from having to work long hours in unsafe conditions; allowing all children to have access to learning; and to work towards achieving many other rights for children, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should establish a Universal Children’s Day on an "appropriate" day. On November 20, 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child spelling out specific rights to which all children should be entitled. And from this time, Children’s Day began to be celebrated on 20th November of every year.

  每年11月20日是全球儿童节。1954年时,为保护儿童免于在不安全条件下长时间工作、让所有儿童都有机会学习、以及努力实现儿童的许多其他权利,联合国大会建议各国选择一个“恰当”日期设立全球儿童节。1959年11月20日,联合国通过了《儿童权利宣言》,明确了所有儿童应该享有的特定权利。从那时起,每年11月20日都被当做儿童节来庆祝了。

  International Children’s Day

  2、国际儿童节。

  International Children’s Day is celebrated every year in the second Sunday in December. This is a joint initiative between UNICEF and the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. It’s a day when special programmes are broadcasted for kids. The occassion is said to have originated in Turkey on April 23, 1920 and later in the `World Conference for the Well Being of Children’, held in Geneva, Switzerland in 1925. After the conference, governments around the world decided to specify a day as Children’s Day to draw attention to children’s issues. Many countries, including the Soviet Union, chose June 1. And from this time, International children’s day is celebrated on the 1st of June each year.

  曾经每年12月第二个星期日被当做国际儿童节来庆祝。这一倡议由联合国儿童基金会和国际电视艺术与科学学院联合提出。这一天会为儿童播出特别节目。据说这一节日于1920年4月23日起源于土耳其,随后在1925年于瑞士日内瓦举行的“儿童福利世界大会”上通过设立。会议结束之后,世界各国政府决定设立一个儿童节,从而引导人们关注儿童问题。包括苏联在内的许多国家都选择了6月1日。因此从那时起,每年6月1日就是国际儿童节。

  World Children’s Day

  3、世界儿童节。

  World Children’s Day is always annually observed on the 20th of November. This is a day McDonald’s uses as a fundraiser for Ronald McDonald House Charities. It was on November 20th, 2002, when World Children’s Day was first held officially. The occassion is celebrated every year in honour of children of the world and also as an annual global fundraiser to benefit branches of Ronald McDonald House Charities around the world. Today, World Children’s Day is celebrated in more than 100 countries.

  每年11月20日还是世界儿童节。麦当劳会在这一天为罗纳德·麦当劳慈善基金会筹款。2002年11月20日世界儿童节第一次正式举行。每年这一天都是全世界的儿童庆祝日,同时也是罗纳德·麦当劳慈善基金会全球分会的年度募捐日。现在,全球100多个国家都会庆祝世界儿童节。

  Children’s Day in Japan

  4、日本儿童节。

  In Japan, Children’s Day is observed as a national holiday called "Kodomo no Hi" and is celebrated annually on May 5th. Kodomo no Hi meaning "Children’s Day" is a part of the Japanese Golden Week festival and is held in honour of children and to celebrate their happiness. It was in 1948 that the Japanese government declared Children’s Day as a National holiday. The day was originally called "Tango no Sekku".

  在日本,儿童节(Kodomo no Hi)是一个法定节日,于每年的5月5日举行。“Kodomo no Hi”意为“儿童节”,是日本黄金周的一部分,目的是为了纪念儿童,庆祝他们的幸福快乐。1948年时日本政府宣布儿童节为法定节日,这一天最初的名字是“端午的节日(Tango no Sekku)”。

  It was known as Boys’ Day and was dedicated in honor of boys while Girls’ Day (Hinamatsuri) was celebrated on March 3. But in 1948, the government decreed this day to be a national holiday to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. It was renamed Kodomo no Hi. Children’s Day in Japan is a festive day to celebrate the life of children. The holiday is believed to have started in China where the people would hang medicinal herbs to ward off childhood diseases. In Japan it is often celebrated by giving children kites and hanging streamers.

  起初这一天被称为“男孩节”,只是男孩们的节日,而“女孩节(Hinamatsuri)”则是每年的3月3日。但是1948年时,日本政府将5月5日定为法定节日,用来庆祝所有儿童的幸福快乐,并向母亲感恩,“男孩节”也被改为了“儿童节”。日本的儿童节是庆祝儿童生活的节日。一般认为这个节日起源于中国,过去的人们会在这一天悬挂草药来祛除儿童的疾病。而在日本,人们通常会在这一天送给孩子风筝、悬挂鲤鱼旗。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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