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英语实用口语:用英语询问信息你会吗?

2019-09-05 10:44

来源:沪江

作者:

  Asking for information can be as simple as asking for the time, or as complicated as asking for details about a complicated process. In both cases, it's important to use the appropriate form for the situation. For example, when asking for information from a friend, use a more informal or colloquial form. When asking a colleague, use a slightly more formal form, and when asking for information from a stranger, use an appropriately formal construction.

  询问信息可以像询问时间一样简单,也可以像询问复杂过程的细节一样复杂。在这两种情况下,使用适当的形式是很重要的。例如,当向朋友询问信息时,使用较为非正式或口语化的形式。当询问同事时,使用稍微正式一点的形式,当询问陌生人的信息时,使用适当的正式结构。

  Very Informal Structures

  非常正式的结构

  If you are asking a friend or family member for information, use a direct a question.

  如果你在向朋友或家人询问信息,请直接问这个问题。

  Simple Question Structure: Wh? + Helping Verb + Subject + Verb

  简单的问题结构:Wh?+助动词+主语+动词

  How much does it cost?

  这个多少钱?

  Where does she live?

  她住在哪里?

  More Formal Structures

  更加正式的结构

  Use these forms for simple, everyday questions in stores, with colleagues at work, and in other informal situations.

  在商店、工作中和同事在一起或其他非正式场合,使用这些表达来回答简单的日常问题。

  Structure: Pardon me / Excuse me + Can / Could you tell me + Wh? + Subject + verb?

  结构:Pardon me / Excuse me + Can / Could you tell me + Wh?+主语+动词?

  Can you tell me when the train arrives?

  你能告诉我火车什么时候到吗?

  Pardon me, could you tell me how much the book costs?

  对不起,你能告诉我这本书多少钱吗?

  Formal and More Complicated Questions

  正式和更复杂的问题

  Use these forms when asking complicated questions that require a lot of information. These should also be used when asking questions of important people such as your boss, on a job interview, etc.

  当提出需要回答大量信息的复杂问题时,请使用这些表达。在向重要人物提问时,如你的老板、面试时等,也应使用这些句式。

  Structure: I wonder if you could + tell me/explain/provide information on...

  结构: I wonder if you could + tell me/explain/provide information on...

  I wonder if you could explain how health insurance is handled at your company.

  我想知道你能否解释一下你们公司是如何办理健康保险的。

  I wonder if you could provide information on your pricing structure.

  我想知道你能否提供有关你方定价结构的信息。

  Structure: Would you mind + verb + ing

  结构:Would you mind + 动词 + ing

  Would you mind telling me a little bit more about benefits at this company?

  你能再多告诉我一点关于这家公司的福利吗?

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