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网友分享:如何提高英语阅读能力?

2018-02-22 10:51

来源:Quora

作者:

  How do I improve my reading comprehension in English?

  我怎样提高英语阅读能力?

  获得1.8k好评的回答@Pranit Nagare:

  Reading short one page articles on the internet are not of any use for developing reading skills. As others have added already, the more you read the better you get. Don't focus on individual words but rather the pargraphs as a whole. You might not know the word's meaning but the context will help. I learnt many phrases, words etc just by the context.

  在网上读一页的短文章对于培养阅读能力一点用都没有。正如别人补充的,你读的越多,就理解得越好。不要只关注单词,应该把握整体段落。你可能不知道某个单词的意思,但语境有助于你理解单词。我有很多短语和单词就是通过语境学会的。

  获得464好评的回答@Robert Charles Lee:

  Read a wide variety of styles and subject matter.

  读各种风格和题材的文章。

  Variety is the spice of life, as the old saying goes. It’s also the spice of understandability. Reading different kinds of writing styles and subject matter helps to extend your ‘range’ — your knowledge and familiarity of the different ‘textures’ of operation of the English language. So read beyond your textbooks and set materials. There are no shortcuts to this.

  俗话说,丰富多样是生活的调味剂,它也是理解能力的调节剂。阅读不同的写作风格和题材帮你扩充知识面——知识和对英语语言各种运用方法的熟悉程度。所以不要只读教材和固定的阅读材料,提高阅读能力没有捷径可走。

  获得643好评的回答@Kumar Rahul:

  Here are my seven strategies for reading improvement.

  以下是7条提高阅读能力的技巧。

  1. Read about things that interest you. If you are interested in what you are reading about, the words will come alive, and you will be motivated to understand. You will feel satisfaction in accomplishing a task that you enjoy, and which you consider meaningful.

  1.读你感兴趣的东西。如果你对所读的东西感兴趣,你会觉得语言变得生动了,你会有动力去理解所读的东西。完成一件喜欢的而且你认为有意义的事会很有成就感。

  2. Read material that is at your level, or just a little difficult for you. Looking up many unknown words in a conventional dictionary is tedious, and the results of the dictionary search quickly forgotten. It is better to stay within your comfort zone and keep reading. Soon you will be able to take on more difficult content.

  2.读符合自己阅读水平的材料,或选择稍难的。用普通字典查很多不认识的单词是很乏味的,查到的东西也很快就忘了。最好选择读着舒服的难度,并坚持阅读,很快你就能读更难的材料了。

  3. Learn to read in depth, stay on the same subject for a while. If you are familiar with the subject you are reading about, you will understand better. If the subject matter is new to you, you should even try to read a few different books or articles about the same subject, before you move on. This way you will meet the same vocabulary and ideas often, helping you to learn. You will also be able to get deeper into the subject and your reading confidence will grow.

  3.学会深入阅读,同一个题材多读一段时间。如果你熟悉所读的题材就能理解得更好。如果某个题材你没读过,你应该在读之前先试着读几本同题材的书或文章,这样你就能经常遇见相同的词汇和思想,有助于你学习。你也能更深入理解这个题材,同时也能增加阅读的信心。

  4. If you have trouble reading, listen first. Many great works of literature were written to be read out loud. Learn to appreciate the art of the narrator. Listen to audio books or audio files of the material that you are reading. This will help make difficult content seem more familiar. Hearing the rhythm of someone reading a text will help your own reading.

  4.如果阅读有困难,可以先听。许多伟大的文学作品的创作都是为了被大声读出来,你要学会欣赏叙述的艺术。听听有声读物或阅读材料的音频文件会帮你熟悉较难的阅读内容。听听别人读文章的节奏对你自己的阅读会有帮助。

  5. Let your imagination get involved. Good readers get engrossed in their reading and let it trigger their imagination. Learn to enjoy your reading without asking too many questions or analyzing too much. It will just spoil the sensual enjoyment of the reading experience. You do not need to predict or analyze. Just enjoy and look forward to absorbing the information, ideas and thoughts expressed by the writer.

  5.激发你的想象力。好的阅读者会全神贯注地阅读,并让阅读激发想象力。学会享受阅读,不要问太多问题,也不要做太多分析,那样会破坏阅读体验的感觉上的享受。你不需要预测,也不需要分析,只需享受并期望获取作者传达的信息、思路和思想。

  6. Don’t worry about what you don’t understand. Most of your reading should be for pleasure. You can enjoy reading without understanding all of what you read. You may even understand some things in your own personal way.

  6.不理解的地方不要担心。你大部分阅读应该只是为了乐趣。不理解所读的全部内容也能读得很享受,你甚至可以有自己的一些理解。

  7. Recognize that the key is to read a lot. You may develop a system for keeping track of new words that you encounter in your reading. However, the main growth in your vocabulary and reading skill will come just from reading as much as you can. So learn to enjoy reading and read a lot. Keep reading, and you will become a better reader.

  7.记住提高阅读能力的关键在于多读。你可能习惯了记录阅读中遇到的新单词,然而词汇量的扩充和阅读能力的提升只来源于尽可能广泛的阅读,所以要学会享受阅读并多读。坚持阅读,你就会成为更好的阅读者。

  Unfortunately not all reading is just for pleasure. When you are reading a textbook or manual, or report or other material that have to read for school or work, you may need to underline, take notes, and read some parts over again, in order to retain what you are reading. However, if you have developed the habit of reading for pleasure, you will find that the cognitive techniques you need will come naturally, and that you will understand a lot better than before.

  不幸的是并非所有的阅读都是单纯为了乐趣。读课文、指南、报告或者其他学习或工作材料时,你可能为了记住所读材料需要划重点、记笔记,或反复读某些部分。然而如果你已经养成了为乐趣而阅读的习惯,你会发现你所需要的认知技巧自然而然就形成了,你的理解能力比之前更强。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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