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干货:常用的60个固定搭配,非常重要,收藏起来!

2020-01-18 21:23

来源:新东方小语种

作者:

  01

  agree with

  ① 同意;赞同:I quite agree with him on the sports. 我非常同意他在运动方面的观点。

  ② 与…相符;与…一致:His words do not agree with his actions. 他言行不一致。

  ③ [常用于否定句] (食物等) 适合:Too much meat doesn’t agree with her. 她不宜吃太多肉。

  02

  hold on

  ① 抓着…不放;坚持:She held on to me tightly. 她紧紧地抓住我。

  I will hold on to my dream and never give it up.

  我要坚持自己的梦想,永不放弃。

  ② [电话用语] 别挂断;等一下:Can you hold on? I’ll see if the manager’s in the office. 先别挂电话行吗?我去看看经理在不在办公室。

  03

  make up

  ① [不用于进行时] 组成;构成:In some languages, 100 words make up half of all words used in daily conversations. 在一些语言中,100个词就构成了一半的日常会话用语。

  ② 编写;编造:At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. 在第一次会议上,你要编写出一个规章手册。

  ③ 为…化妆:They made him up as an old man for the last act of the play. 在演这出戏的最后一幕时,他们把他打扮成一个老头。

  04

  pick up

  ① 拿起;拾起:The phone rang and I picked it up. 电话响了,我接了起来。

  I picked up the rubbish and threw it into the trash can. 我把垃圾拾起来,扔进垃圾桶。

  ②(车辆等) 中途搭 (人);中途带 (货):I’ve got to pick up my daughter from school at four o’clock. 我四点钟得去学校接女儿。

  ③ 营救;救起:Twenty men fell into the water and were picked up by other boats. 二十人落水后,被其他船只救起。

  ④(偶然地、无意地) 得到;学会 (语言);买到:She picked up Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely.她在日本时学会了日语,现在她日语讲得很流利。

  We managed to pick up a few bargains in the market. 我们从市场上买到了几件便宜货。

  ⑤ 接收到:We were able to pick up the BBC World Service. 我们能收听到英国广播公司的国际广播节目。

  ⑥重提 (话题);恢复 (健康等):He picks up this theme again in later chapters of the book. 在该书的后几章,他又重回到这个主题上。

  05

  take up 开始 (从事);占用

  Rogers took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest. 罗杰斯学了一段时间的绘画,但很快便失去了兴趣。

  Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day. 开会和接电话占用了一天中的大部分时间。

  06

  turn out

  ① 制造;生产;培养出:The factory turns out 900 cars a week. 这家工厂一周生产九百辆汽车。

  ② 原来 (是);证明 (是);结果 (是):Unexpectedly the weather turned out pretty nice that day. 出乎意料的是,那天天气特别好。

  It turned out that his brother died of a heart attack. 原来他的兄弟死于心脏病。

  07

  work out

  ① 算出;总共达:I’m just trying to work out how much I spend each month. 我正在尽力算出我每月的开销。

  ② 解决;把…弄清楚:To work out the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times. 为了解出这道数学难题,我已经请教拉塞尔教授好几次了。

  ③ 制定 (出):Trained exercise teachers can help you work out a training plan and keep you active. 训练有素的体育老师能帮你制定一套训练计划,使你保持活力。

  ④ 产生结果;被证明有效:Everything worked out OK in the end. 事情的结果还不错。

  I want to follow David’s example but it never worked out for me. 我想效仿大卫的做法,但这对我没有效果。

  ⑤ 锻炼;训练:I go to the sports club and work out once a week. 我一周去一次体育馆锻炼。

  08

  get through 到达; 通过;打通:

  She got through the examination. 她通过了考试。

  Focusing on that goal helps me get through tough times. 专注于那一目标帮我熬过了艰难时期。

  I tried phoning her office, but I couldn’t get through. 我试过打她办公室电话,但没打通。

  09

  make out

  ① 勉强看见;听见:I could barely make out the stage in the darkness. 黑暗中我几乎看不见舞台。

  I could hear voices but I couldn’t make out what manage they were saying.我能听到说话的声音,但听不清他们在说什么。

  ② 理解;弄清:His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out what he is trying to express. 他的笔迹模糊不清,很难弄清他到底想表达什么。

  ③ 写出;开列:She was making out a list of people to invite. 她正在写一份邀请名单。

  10

  put up

  ① 举起;抬起;提高:

  Put up your hands if you have any questions.如果有问题请举手。

  They have put up the rent by $200 a month. 他们把每月的租金提高了200美元。

  ② 公布;张贴 (布告、相片等):Posters were put up around our school, calling upon us to join in the actions for a greener earth. 校园中到处张贴着海报,号召我们加入到让地球更环保的行动中去。

  ③ 建造 (房屋等);搭建:They’ve put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently. 最近他们盖起了很多高楼大厦。

  ④ 留宿;住宿:I was hoping Kenny could put me up for a few days. 我希望肯尼能让我留宿几天。

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