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6招把语言学习融入日常生活

2017-12-07 09:51

来源:沪江

作者:

  1.Embrace authentic language

  学习真实语境中使用的语言

  Go to find what you love, movies, audiobooks, podcasts, or comics. Or travel back in time to find your favorite childhood Disney songs. You may find that you even want to sing along with them. Jingles and songs learned in any language stick in the mind for decades. Language teachers call these “authentic texts,” which is simply another way to say that this is real, living, breathing language.

  去发现你自己喜欢的东西,电影,有声书,播客亦或是漫画;或者回去找找你童年时最喜欢的迪士尼歌曲。你可能甚至会跟着歌曲哼唱起来。不管是用什么语言唱的,童谣和歌曲总能够在脑海中停留很长时间。这就是语言老师说的“真实文本”,这是对于真实生动的语言的另一种说法。

  2. Use your devices

  电子设备用起来

  Think of the technology you use on a daily basis. How about changing the display language? Your computer, your smartphone, your browser, your apps, your GPS, and of course any games you play. It might be worth making a mental note of how to change the language back though, just in case.

  想想你日常使用的电子产品。有没有试过改变电子设备的显示语言呢?你的电脑,手机,浏览器,应用程序,GPS,当然还有你玩的游戏。为了以防万一,你可能需要记住怎么把语言设置更改回来。

  3. Build associations with your environment

  和你的生活环境建立联系

  Your environment is full of vocabulary. Sticky notes are your friends when it comes to labeling every object in your house. Handy tip: Don’t just label stuff, build associations with useful vocabulary. For example, don’t just write "the light switch" but also "to turn on", "to turn off", "bright" and "dark". Reading these associations regularly will help solidify them in your mind. Try making little sentences with them as you go about your day – talking to yourself can be invaluable.

  我们的生活环境中充满了词汇。当你把家里的每个东西都填上便利贴之后,便利贴也可以成为你的学习伙伴。小提示:不要只是给东西贴标签哦,要联想有用的相关词汇。例如,不是只写“电灯开关”,还要写上“开”,“关”,“明亮”和“昏暗”。经常读读这些有联系的词汇,这可以增强他们在你脑海中的印象。在一天中,你可以试着用这些词汇造几句话,自言自语也可以很有用哦。

  4. Less is more – when you do it regularly

  如果你可以坚持的话,那么“少即是多”

  Make it a habit to learn as much as you can every day – and can is the operative word here. You’ve got half an hour? Great. Only 15 minutes today? No problem. It’s still better than cramming for a weekend and then doing nothing for a couple of weeks. What’s important is that you learn regularly, and that you find time for it in your daily routine. If you’re able to integrate language learning into your day instead of trying to set aside “extra” time for it, the chances of it becoming a habit are much better.

  养成每天尽可能多学习的习惯。你有半个小时可以学习?很棒。今天只有十五分钟?没问题。即使是每天学习十五分钟,这也比学习一整个周末,然后几个星期不做任何事情要好得多。关键的是,你能够经常学习,并且坚持在日常生活中挤出时间学习。如果你想要将语言学习融入到你的日常生活当中,而不是留出“额外”的时间来学习,那么将语言学习转变成为一种习惯将对学习非常有帮助。

  5. Use those little spare minutes

  利用碎片化时间学习

  When you’re waiting for the bus, whip out your notepad. While you’re walking the dog, listen to that foreign language podcast. Waiting at a cafe? Scan the headlines on China Daily, of course, the English version.

  当你等公共汽车的时候,可以拿出你的记事本。当你遛狗的时候,可以听个外语播客。在咖啡厅等着?可以看看头条新闻,当然要看英文版啦。

  6.Find someone to talk to, even if it's you

  找个语言小伙伴

  Finding a native speaker to talk to is an absolute must if you want to learn a language. Get someone else who’s learning the language, a classmate or colleague. And don’t be afraid to chat in the language you’re learning: everybody who’s ever learned a language has done this at one stage or another. It’s perfect for building your confidence, or trying out new words, so it becomes second nature.

  如果你想学习一门语言,找一个母语者聊天绝对是必要的。或者找到正在学习相同语言的人,可以是你的同学,也可以是同事。不要害怕用你正在学习的语言来和人聊天,每个学过语言的人都会在某个阶段经历这件事。经常用你正在学习的语言来聊天,这对于建立你的自信,或者尝试新词的都是非常有效的方法。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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