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2017高考英语重点语法:高考英语常考语法总结——主谓一致

2017-04-10 15:42

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  主谓一致是历年高考试题中的测试重点之一。一般与其它知识综合起来考察。近几年语境综合化程度越来越高。分数、 百分数、不定式、动名词、定语从句等场合下的主谓一致问题仍将会是今后高考命题的热点。

  主谓一致是指一个句子的主语和谓语动词保持人称与数的一致关系。有些句子不易直接看出主语的单复数,需仔细推敲。处理主谓一致要注意语法一致,意义上一致和就近一致。

  高考 重点要求:

  1. 根据主谓一致的三个原则(语法一致,意义一致,就近一致), 判断和确定句子的主语和谓语在人称和数上保持一致

  2. 掌握固定词组作主语,谓语动词的数与主语保持一致

  考生在掌握主谓一致的基本原则的同时,也要特别注意语法一致的原则,而 且分数、百分数、不定式、动名词、定语从句等场合下的主谓一致问题仍将会是今后高考命题的热点。

  复习时需注意的要点

  1、 集体名词看作整体时,谓语动词用单数,看作各个成员时,谓语用复数。

  例如:His family isn’t large.

  His family are all fond of music.

  2、 些名词如news, maths, physics等虽然有词尾“s”但意义上是单数,谓语动词要用单数。

  例如:The news is wonderful.

  Physics is an interesting subject.

  3、 由数词+表示重量、里程、时间、金钱等名词所构成的复数名词主语,是当作一个整体看待的,后面用单数动词。

  例如:Five minutes is too short.

  Ten dollars is enough.

  4、 主语后面跟有介词with或together with 引导的短语时,谓语动词一般与前面的主语的人称和数一致。

  例如:The teacher together with ten students is doing an experiment in the lab.

  5、 主语前有every或each修饰时,无论有几个主语,谓语动词用单数。

  例如:Every teacher and every stud ent in our school has been to the Century Park.

  【精选试题】 名校模拟题及其答案

  1、He is the only one of the students who _______a winner of scholarship for three years.

  A. is B. are C. have been D. has been

  2、Professor Smith, along with his assistants, ____ on the project day and night to mee t the deadline.

  A. work B. working C. is working D. are working

  3、Not only ______interested in football but ______beginning to show an interest in it.

  A. the teacher himself is … all his students are

  B. the teacher himself is …are all his students

  C. is the teacher himself …are all his students

  D. is the teacher himself …all his students are

  4、----“Each of the students, working hard at his or her lessons, _____ to go to university.”

  ----“So do I.”

  A. hope B. hopes C. hoping D. hoped

  5、E-mail, as well as telephone, ______ an important part in daily communication.

  A. is playing B. have played C. are playing D. hoped

  6、Books of this kind ______ well.

  A. sell B. sells C. are sold D. is sold

  7、Every possible means ______ to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear.

  A. is used B. are used C. has been used D. have been used

  8、When and where to go for the on-salary holiday ______ yet.

  A. are not decided B. have not been decided

  C. is not being decided D. has not been decided

  9、The number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them _____ absent for different

  reasons.

  A. were, was B. was, was C. was, were D. were, were

  10、______ of the land in that district ______ covered with trees and grass.

  A. Two fifth…is B. Two fifth…are C. Two fifths…is D. Two fifths…are

  11. Nowadays,a large number of women,especially those who conicfromthe countryside, inthe clothing industry".

  A .is working B.works C.work D worked

  12._ of the land in that district covered withtrees and grass.

  A.Two-fifth;is B.Two-fifth;are C Two-fifths;is D Two-fifths;are

  13.About 90 percent of the equipment presented by the administration,as well as the facilities of our own, made good use of in teaching.

  A.have B .has C.have been D.has been

  14.The nunther of the students who took part in the competition 500,but only a small number of them chosen。

  A was;were B were;was C.were;were D.w;was

  15.A large of money is spent on the Hope Project and a good inany schools setp.

  A amount:has been B amount:have been

  C.n umber;has been D deal;have been

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