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用最简单的方法提高英语交流技能

2017-11-07 14:33

来源:互联网

作者:

  You may have memorized endless lists of vocabulary, you may know all the grammar needed to hold any conversation and still find yourself at a loss when wanting to express yourself.

  你可能已经记住了无穷无尽的词汇表,你可能知道所有的用来进行任何对话的语法,但仍然在表达时感到困惑。

  In this article, I would like to give you a few tips to help overcome the difficulties you might be experiencing, using some of the simplest methods to improve your English communication skills.

  在这篇文章中,我想给你一些建议,帮助你克服你可能遇到的困难,用一些最简单的方法来提高你的英语沟通能力。

  1. Slow Down Your Speaking Speed

  1.放慢你的说话速度

  You might be an eloquent speaker when it comes to your mother tongue, but expecting the same standards from yourself when speaking in a foreign language may not be very realistic.

  谈到母语时,你可能是一个雄辩的演说家,但用外语讲话时,期望自己达到同样的标准可能不太现实。

  Especially, if you’re at the early stages of learning. Learners are often told not to worry about the mistakes they’re making, however, it is easy to understand why you would like to make a good impression on your audience.

  特别是,如果你处于学习的早期阶段。学习者经常被告知不要担心他们犯的错误。然而,你很容易理解为什么你想给听众留下好印象。

  To overcome this difficulty, you may try slowing down your speaking speed.

  为了克服这个困难,你可以试着放慢语速。

  Nobody will hold it against you if you speak more slowly and clearly. Great speakers do the same to get their message across. Selecting your words carefully may also be seen as a sign of respect towards your audience. It shows that you want to give them the best possible answer.

  如果你说得慢一点,没有人会反对你的。伟大的演说家也会这样做以传达他们的信息。谨慎发言也可以被看作是对听众的尊敬。这表明你想给他们最好的答案。

  2. Give Yourself Time to Think

  2.给你自己一些时间去思考

  You may be worried that the people you’re talking to are impatient and would like you to say what you want as quickly as possible.

  你可能担心与你交谈的人不耐烦,希望你尽快说出你想要的。

  First of all, it may not be true – people often prefer a well-thought-out answer to a rushed one.So just relax.

  首先,这可能不是真的——人们往往喜欢深思熟虑的回答。所以放松一下。

  Another practical thing you can do is equipping yourself with fixed phrases you can use when remaining silent doesn’t seem to be an option. Here’s an example:

  你可以做的另一个实际的事情是给自己配备一些固定短语,当你保持沉默似乎不是一个好的选择时,你可以使用。下面举个例子:

  Why is there so much violence on TV? That’s a good question. Let me think for a moment, I haven’t really thought about it before. Well, I suppose…

  为什么电视上有这么多暴力镜头?这是个好问题。让我想一想,我以前没有想过这个问题。嗯,我想…

  Here the speaker gains considerable amount of time to reflect just by repeating the question and adding a few sentences. If you do the same, you’ll sound more fluent and won’t feel the pressure of having to say something before you’re ready.

  在这里,演讲者可以通过重复提问和添加一些句子来获得大量的时间来思考。如果你做同样的事情,你会说得更流利,也不会感到在你准备好之前要说点什么的压力。

  Fixed or set phrases are phrases whose words are usually fixed in a certain order. They can be verb patterns, idioms, collocations – basically anything we always say in one particular way. For example,

  固定词组或组合词组是通常按一定顺序固定的短语。它们可以是动词模式,习语,搭配——基本上我们总是用一种特定的方式表达。例如:

  during the day

  白天

  in the meantime

  同时

  It’s been a long time since

  这是很久以前的事了

  Sorry to bother/trouble you, but…

  很抱歉打扰你,但是…

  Would you mind if…?

  如果……你介意吗?

  Oh, come on!

  哦,来吧!

  I’m just kidding!

  我只是开玩笑!

  For what it’s worth,…

  它的价值是,…

  To be right/wrong about

  正确的是/错误的是

  Tit for tat/an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth

  以牙还牙,以眼还眼以牙还牙/眼,以牙还牙

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