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大学英语阅读部分第四册Unit7-2

2013-01-09 14:26

来源:在线英语听力室

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  intertwine

  v. twine together(使)缠绕在一起

  be intertwined be closely connected with each other

  e.g. The problems of crime and unemployment are closely intertwined.

  joyless *

  adj. without any happiness at all 不快乐的;沉闷无趣的

  e.g. I hope I never become as joyless as they have become.

  liberally *

  adv. chiefly towards the broadening of the mind, not specially to professional or technical needs (指教育)着重于智力的开阔和通才

  loan

  n. a sum of money lent at interest 贷款

  e.g. I) We took out a loan to expand the business.

  II) We are repaying the loan over a three-year period.

  midterm*

  n. an examination given halfway through a school term 期中考试

  panicky*

  adj. very nervous or anxious 恐慌的

  e.g. Jane gets a bit panicky before interviews.

  payoff *

  n. reward; the good results of a particular series of actions 报酬;报偿

  e.g. I) The payoff for his years of patient research was a Nobel Prize.

  II) One of the immediate payoffs was an increase in productivity.

  poetry

  n. poetic works; poems; verse 诗篇,诗歌

  e.g. a book of English poetry, modern poetry, a poetry book

  prepaid *

  adj. paid in advance 已支付的,预付的

  e.g. The company sent me a prepaid envelope for me to return my order form in.

  reckoning

  n. the settlement of accounts, as between two companies 结帐,清算

  residential

  adj.

  1) that people live in 提供住宿的

  e.g. a residential college

  2) (used about a place or area) that has houses rather than offices, large shops or factories 居住的;住宅的

  e.g. The school was in a residential part of town.

  sadden *

  v. cause somebody to feel sad 使伤心;使悲哀

  e.g. He was greatly saddened to hear of the death of his old schoolfriend.

  symptomatic *

  adj. acting as a symptom 征兆的,表明......的症候

  e.g. I) A persistent cough may be symptomatic of tuberculosis (肺结核).

  II) Their refusal to take part in the inquiry is symptomatic of their distrust of the police.

  tenacity

  n. the quality of being tenacious 坚韧

  transcript

  n. an official school report on the record of a student, listing subjects studied, grades received, etc. 学生成绩报告单

  unswervingly

  adv. firmly 坚定地

  urgent

  adj. needing immediate attention 急迫的,紧急的

  e.g. I) It's not urgent; I'll tell you about it later.

  II) Most of the motorway network is in urgent need of repair.

  Phrases and Expressions

  along with

  together with 跟......一块

  e.g. I) Along with hundreds of others, she lost her job when the factory closed.

  II) I returned his book along with his file of notes.

  fall behind

  lag in pace or progress 落后,跟不上

  e.g. I) We can't afford to fall behind our competitors in using new technology.

  II) I don't know how we can help those students who have fallen behind in their studies.

  from coast to coast

  in every part of a large country which has two or more coasts 全国各地

  e.g. From coast to coast this newspaper has been attacked.

  get through

  manage to live through; survive 度过

  e.g. I) It's going to be hard to get through the next couple of days.

  II) It was a terrible time financially but I got through it and then things improved.

  pay off

  have profitable results 使人得益

  e.g. I) That last move just didn't pay off.

  II) This looks like being an occasion when hard work will pay off later rather than sooner.

  take a lot out of somebody

  make somebody feel very tired and weak because he has used a lot of energy 使(某人)疲乏

  e.g. I) All this worry and anxiety has taken a lot out of her.

  II) Talking in a foreign language all day takes a lot out of you.

  PASSAGE III Postgraduate Paralysis

  Thousands of college graduates received their diplomas this year in fear or even embarrassment. They were not proud of themselves, nor eager to take on the real world. Instead, they thought of themselves as failures. These are the graduates who have not been offered fat salaries and generous benefits. They are the ones who won't be going to work as lawyers, investment bankers and engineers. They have taken the right courses, gotten good grades and gone through some on-campus job interviews. But because they weren't offered the perfect job-no, that exciting career-seemingly guaranteed to all those who make the right moves, they are sitting at home, victims of postgraduate paralysis.[1]

  This may come as a surprise to anyone who has read about the fabulous job offers tendered[2] to recent graduates. However, those of us who are parents of children in this age group know that such offers are relatively rare and that many liberal-arts students[3] graduate with the belief that the prospective workplace may not have a place for them.

  Consider my daughter: she graduated from college with a degree in economics two years ago.

  She was offered a job by a recruiter who came to her campus-but it was with a trucking firm in South Carolina, as a dispatch-management trainee. She turned it down. It was her parents' first clue that she had a problem.

  It seems economists don't work for trucking firms. Nor do Midwestern children want to live in the South before they become arthritic.[4] Yet even at home in Minneapolis, our daughter couldn't seem to find anything to apply for. Her father told her to make the rounds of the personnel agencies. But she was so horrified by the demeaning atmosphere at one that she refused to visit any others.[5]

  Then one day, when she was looking at the Sunday paper and complaining that there was nothing in it, I told her there had to be something. "Look at this," I commanded. "And this! And this!" I circled a number of jobs in the first two columns I skimmed. But Maureen protested: "I don't want to be an administrative assistant."

  It was then that her father and I realized that what she had been looking for in the paper was a career, not a job. And ever since, we have watched the children of friends suffer from this same delusion.

  No one, it seems, has told them that a career is an evolutionary process.[6]

  When I graduated from college 25 years ago, I never expected to find a job that was in itself a career. In those days, we were told we knew nothing, but that upon graduation we would have the tools to learn. And learn we did-on the job. I began by doing grunt work in the customer-service department at National Geographic magazine. In due time, I wound up with a career; indeed, owning and running a firm that publishes research reports for architects and real-estate developers.

  Apparently, schools have changed their approach. Today's students are told they know everything in order to succeed in a career. Career talk often begins in seventh grade or earlier, and the career is offered as the reward one receives upon graduation. No one is satisfied with this system. Businesses complain that they get new graduates who are unhappy with anything less than high-level, decision-making jobs as their first assignments. And parents are shocked that the child without a job can graduate traumatized by the fear of rejection.[7]

  As I see it, parents are a principal cause of the problem. Who among us hasn't thought "What's wrong with that kid?" when we hear that a recent college graduate is a cashier at a grocery store because "he can't find a job." At the same time, how many of us can put the screws on a son and convince him that he must abandon his idea of a career and take up the idea of finding work?

  This is a distasteful task, especially when we have shipped our children off to expensive colleges, believing that simply by footing the tuition bill we are making them economically secure.[8] The kids believe this, too, but the reality is that when they graduate, they are no more prepared for careers than we were.[9]

  It is not a disgrace to go out and pound the pavement. I used just this expression the other day with my son's friend. Though he had graduated in December with a degree in philosophy, he has not yet found a job. He had never heard the saying[10] before. He is bright, personable and would do well in almost any kind of business. But he complains that he can't find work in the want ads-he has not visited any personnel agencies-and so he talks about going to law school, instead. He was crushed by not having been recruited before graduation.[11]

  This brings me back to my daughter. After some yelling and screaming by her parents, she did make the rounds of headhunters and found one who specialized in entry-level positions. This gentleman was wonderful; he helped her assess her skills and prepared her for interviews. She also read the newspapers and answered different types of ads. Not surprisingly, she got many responses. After a few weeks she had the exhilarating experience of having three job offers at once. Two were the products of answering newspaper ads and one came through the headhunter's efforts. She landed an excellent position as an insurance underwriter-a job she didn't even know existed when she graduated.

  Happy in her job, Maureen also fell in love; and when she began to look for employment in Chicago where she and her husband will live, she needed no help from her parents. She was confident and aggressive. She used headhunters, the want ads, her friends and ours. She had a new resource-business contacts. Yet as she was typing letters one day, I offered some sympathy about how hard it is to hunt for a job.

  "It's OK, Mom," she said. "This isn't like the first time. Now I know how to look for a job!"

  And she found one as a senior underwriter. Now she'll make more money and more decisions.

  It's beginning to look like a career. (1050 words)

  Proper Names

  Minneapolis

  (地名)明尼阿波利斯(美国城市,位于明尼苏达州东南部)

  National Geographic

  《国家地理》杂志

  New Words

  administrative*

  adj. connected with the work of managing or organizing a company, institution, mark. 行政的,管理的

  e.g. I) She has an administrative job in the University.

  II) The council met to discuss purely administrative affairs.

  architect

  n. a person whose job is to design buildings 建筑师

  arthritic

  adj. Suffering from arthritis 患关节炎的

  banker*

  n. someone who works in a bank in an important position 银行家

  crush

  v.

  1) destroy completely, especially by the use of great force 压垮,压倒,压服,镇压

  e.g. I) The young lady was crushed by their insults.

  II) His hopes were crushed by the chairman's remark.

  2) press something so hard that it breaks or is damaged 压碎,碾碎

  e.g. I) He gave the impression of being able to crush a grown man in those hairy arms.

  II) Don't pack the cakes at the bottom of the box or they'll get crushed.

  delusion

  n. a false belief 错觉

  e.g. Frank is under the delusion that he can do any job better than anyone else.

  demeaning

  adj. causing (oneself) to lose one's sense of personal pride 降低身份的;有辱人格的

  e.g. It was very demeaning to have to ask her permission for everything I wanted to do.

  diploma

  n. an official paper showing that a person has successfully finished a course of study or passed an examination 毕业文凭,毕业证书

  e.g. I) His wife has a diploma in fashion design.

  II) Are you on the degree course or the diploma course?

  disgrace

  n. shame or loss of honor and respect 出丑,耻辱,丢脸

  e.g. There is no disgrace in being poor.

  dispatch

  1) n. the sending off of a messenger, letter, troops, etc. 派遣,调遣,发送

  2) v. send to a place or for a particular purpose派遣,调遣,发送

  e.g. I) The supervisor would dispatch a crew to repair the damage.

  II) The books will be dispatched from our warehouse tomorrow to your address.

  distasteful *

  adj. Very unpleasant or morally offensive 不愉快的,讨厌的

  e.g. The press's tireless investigation of the private lives of celebrities is distasteful to most of us.

  economically *

  adv. in a way connected with economics 经济上地

  e.g. I) Twenty years ago, the country was extremely unevenly developed economically.

  II) Economically (speaking), the country is in a very healthy state.

  estate

  n. a piece of land on which buildings (of a stated type) have all been built together in a planned way (上有大片建筑物的)土地,区

  e.g. Singapore's industrial estates are comparable to those of any Western city.

  real estate

  land and buildings 房地产

  e.g. a real-estate developer 房地产开发商

  evolutionary*

  adj. of or resulting from evolution; developing gradually 进化的,演变的

  e.g. the evolutionary process

  fabulous

  adj. very good; excellent极好的,极妙的

  e.g. I) You look fabulous.

  II) We had a fabulous time at the party.

  grunt

  adj. ordinary and routine 普通的

  headhunter*

  n. (informal) a person who tries to attract specially able people to jobs, especially by offering them better pay and more responsibility 物色人才的人

  pavement

  n. the side of the street where pedestrians walk 人行道

  personable

  adj. attractive in appearance or character 英俊的;风度好的

  postgraduate *

  1) adj. (of studies, etc.) done at a university after one has received one's first degree 研究生的

  e.g. a postgraduate course, postgraduate studies

  2) n. a person who has obtained a first degree at a university and is studying or doing research for an advanced degree or qualification 研究生

  e.g. The university has 2,200 undergraduates and 800 postgraduates.

  screw

  n. a nail-like metal fastener, having a thin end with a spiral groove and a head with a slot 螺丝钉

  e.g. A screw is forced into wood by twisting it with a screw-driver (螺丝刀).

  put the screws on (somebody) (informal)

  force (someone) to do as one wishes, especially by increasing pressure and threats (以威胁或施加压力等手段)强使(某人)做(某事)

  e.g. The boss will really put the screws on him to work overtime.

  trainee*

  n. someone who is being trained for a job 接受训练的人

  e.g. The trainees were shown around each of the departments.

  traumatized

  adj. anguished or shocked 受到创伤的

  trucking*

  n. the business of taking goods from place to place by road 货车运输业

  underwriter*

  n. a person who makes insurance contracts 保险商;保险业务受理人

  Phrases and Expressions

  in due time

  eventually 在一定的时候;最终

  e.g. I) In due time you will realize all this.

  II) There is no doubt that every home will have a computer in due time.

  make the rounds of

  go around from one place to another, usually as part of a job or in order to ask for work 来回执行任务或找工作

  e.g. I) The production manager made the rounds of the workshops every day.

  II) She has been making the rounds of theatrical offices, looking for a job.

  pound the pavement (informal)

  walk the streets repeatedly, so as to find work 徘徊街头找职业

  e.g. Jennifer has been pounding the pavement for months, looking for a job.

  take on

  accept as a challenge 接受......的挑战

  e.g. I) The company plans to take on the competition at home and abroad.

  II) They weren't afraid to take on big business.

  take up

  adopt 采纳(观点等);采取(某种态度)

  e.g. I hated to see him taking up this hard, uncompromising attitude.

  turn down

  refuse or reject 拒绝

  e.g. I) They turned down his request for promotion.

  II) He proposed to her, but she turned him down.

  wind up

  (informal) get into the stated, usually unpleasant condition or place as an accidental or unintentional result of one's actions or behavior (以......)告终;落得个(......的下场)

  e.g. I) He'll wind up in jail if he isn't careful.

  II) You'll wind up failing your exams if you go on like this.

 

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