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新东方:雅思写作范文及解析

2012-12-12 11:41

来源:新东方网

作者:朱瑞红

  小作文:world demand for 5 types of resources between 1970 and 2030.

  分析:五条线。注意有预测。参考剑7 test 2。

  大作文:

  Nowadays, people always throw old things away and buy new things, whereas in the past, old things were repaired and used again. What factors cause this phenomenon? What effects does the phenomenon lead to?

  思路分析:

  这道题2007年之后曾经出现三次:2007.11.15,2007.12.01,2009.12.05。第一次是利弊形式,之后二次是report题型,和今天的一样。但是最有价值的相关题目出现在09.04.04.和 08.11.08。

  Nowadays people live in the society where consumer goods are relatively cheaper to buy. Do you think its advantages outweigh its disadvantages? 09.04.04

  Fashion has become more and more important when people choose clothes. Why? Do you think it is a positive or negative development? 08.11.08

  以上两道题都为我们回答第一问提供了线索:商品的便宜和对时尚的追求。至于影响,我们看一下2009.10.10的题目,也许会得到启发:

  An increase in the production of consumer goods results in the damage to the natural environment. Why is this case? What can we do to resolve this problem?

  第一段:引入问题

  第二段:弃旧迎新的原因,便宜,生产商的利益驱使

  第三段:积极影响:促进消费,提高GDP;但是非可持续性发展

  第四段:消极影响:对环境的破坏;消耗自然资源,引起能源危机和战争

  In the past, people used to repair items when they did not function well. But this is not the case any more in modern society as we have developed a throw-away lifestyle which refers to the public habit of discarding tremendous disposable products such as plastic bags, food containers, and packages and short lived or obsolete home wares and household appliances like TVs, fridges and mobile phones in daily life.

  The reason for this trend at the first glance seems to be the cheap prices of consumer products as humans have the natural tendency of disvalue something of abundance. Few people would rather spend a whole morning to fix a clock worth of only 5 dollars. However, if we further explore this consumerism, we would find the driven force behind. Since the Revolution of Industry, mass production has dramatically increased human productivity of consumer goods, directly leading to the affluence of market supply and the decreasing price of commodity. For manufacturers, the higher sale, the more profit. Accordingly, merchandises need to be replaced as soon as possible and obviously it is one-off products rather than recycled or durable ones that are embraced by modern economic systems. One of the most common strategies to promote the sale is the widespread advertisements for fashionable and latest electronic gadgets like mobile phones and computers which are made easy to become outdated and unpopular.

  It is true that stimulating consumption accelerates GDP and creates more employment positions and economic growth ensures the stability of a society. However, all this prosperity is at the cost of human future. Over consumption contributes to a large quantity of wastes and many of which cannot break down and end up contaminating the earth and the oceans. Over production leads to substantial industrial wastes including waste water and air which cause the global warming and water pollution. On top of the environmental issues, excessive manufacture consumes extreme amount of such natural resources as coal and natural gas, which is sometimes somewhere the trigger for war in the era of energy crisis. In general, being used to dumping goods is an unsustainable way of life and should not be encouraged.

  词汇拓展:

  1. household appliance 家电

  2. tremendous /abundance/ affluence substantial 大量的

  3. excessive 过度的

  4. disposable product /one-off product一次性产品

  5. container 包装盒

  6. obsolete 过时的

  7. tendency 倾向性

  8. revolution of industry 工业革命

  9. consumer goods / commodity /merchandise 商品

  10. consumerism 消费主义

  11. manufacturer 生产商

  12. durable 耐用的

  13. embrace 信奉

  14. promote the sale 促销

  15. latest 最新的

  16. electronic gadget 电子产品

  17. outdated 过时的

  18. stimulate 刺激

  19. accelerate 加速

  20. stability 稳定

  21. prosperity 繁荣

  22. at the cost 以…为代价

  23. break down 分解

  24. end up 最终

  25. contaminate 使有毒

  26. energy crisis 能源危机

  27. In general 总的来说

  28. Unsustainable 不可持续的

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